Since last year’s UN talks in Bali (Indonesia), countries have held regular talks and floated ideas and positions to come up with the architecture for a follow-up to the Kyoto Protocol, due to expire in 2012. 

A draft report published by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change last Friday (21 November) gathered proposals presented by countries and observer organisations in view of finalising a deal by December 2009 in Copenhagen.

In the UN’s draft report, the European Union reiterated its commitment to limiting global average temperature increases to two degrees Celsius through measures such as emissions trading and technology transfer. China and Latin America noted that developed countries will commit to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 25-40% below 1990 levels and by approximately 80-95% in 2050. 

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation should constitute an important part of the deal, according to Brazil. “Efforts depend on institutional capacity, investment capital, technology, research and development, appropriate policies and incentives,” said the government in Brasilia. 

The Report is availible here.

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