Climate Change in Africa
By: Barbara Unmüßig and Stefan Cramer
At the UN Climate Change Conference in December 2007 in Bali, a new phase in the international climate negotiations was initiated. African countries will now be excluded
from all commitments to emission reduction. They expect massive international finan
cial transfers from further negotiations in order to be able to adapt to the severe impacts of climate change.
Scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) agree: no continent will be struck as severely by climate change as Africa. They add “that the continent will be particularly vulnerable (…) because the capacity to adapt to climate change is limited considerably by widespread poverty” (Hulme et al. 2001).
- Africa’s interests were hardly noticeable in the world climate negotiations in December 2007 in Bali.
Scientific findings on climate change and their implications for Africa are only gradually attracting the attention of political decision-makers and civil society.
African heads of state admitted recently that the consequences of climate change increasingly need to be put onto the national and international agenda – and in Bali they demanded a large share of the funds made available for adaptation to climate change.
A climate-based African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) could be a coordinating in
strument for an effective, consistent, and cross-border policy on climate protection.
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